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Fodor Guides

Selected Travel Publications

1936 -- On the Continent: The Entertaining Travel Annual, facsimile edition, New York: Fodor’s Travel Guides, and London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1985

The original guide, including chapters on the British Isles, with introduction by Fodor and original advertisements.

Baedeker’s Guides

Fodor’s now publishes this legendary guidebook.

Compass American Guides

Full-colour guides with cultural and historical background readings.

Fodor’s Best Bed & Breakfasts

Regional coverage of the United States’ top B&Bs.

Fodor’s Citypacks

Full-colour, pocket-size guidebook with a fold-out colour map. Reviews the top 25 sights.

Fodor’s Escape

One-of-a-kind travel experiences to exotic locations.

Fodor’s Gay Guides

Includes sights, hotels, restaurants, B&Bs, and bars.

Fodor’s Gold Guides

Up-to-date coverage of destinations around the world, including full-size, colour, pull-out Rand McNally maps.

Rivages Guides

Europe’s best out-of-the-way inns and small hotels.

Further Reading

Bongartz, Roy, “Where Tourists Go, Fodor’s Been”, New York Times (15 June 1975): X1

Description of the guides and background on Fodor as a travel writer.

Ferrell, Sarah, “New Fodor Pilot Holds a Steady Course”, New York Times (10 March 1978): X17.

About Robert Fisher, new editor-in-chief of Fodor’s Modern Guides. Includes what makes Good Guides and Bad.

“The Fodor Travel Guides”, Publishers Weekly (13 March 1961): 46

Discussion of the guides for the 25th anniversary of the company’s foundation. Describes how information is gathered.

Martin, James A., “Bonnie Ammer: Reaching Travelers through All Forms of Media”, Publishers Weekly (26 January 1998): 50[-]53

Fodor’s expansion into media beyond books and the company’s commitment to publish something for every type of traveller.

O’Neill, Laurie A., “A Famous Traveler Marks Anniversary with a Trip”, New York Times (9 March 1986): 23

Information on the first guide, Fodor’s philosophy of travel, and how he recruited his writers.

Sullivan, Robert E., Jr, “Fresh New Fodor”, Travel Holiday, 173 (June 1990): 85[-]86

Revamping of guides under new editorial direction.

John Forrest, 1st Baron Forrest of Bunbury 1847[-]1918

Travel Writing

Explorations in Australia, 1875; facsimile, with an introduction by Valmai Hankel, 1998

Further Reading

Crowley, Frank, Big John Forrest, 1847[-]1918: A Founding Father of the Commonwealth of Australia, Nedlands: University of Western Australia Press, 2000

Definitive biography of Forrest, giving most attention to his later political career.

Favenc, Ernest, The History of Australian Exploration from 1788 to 1888, Sydney: Turner and Henderson, 1888

Contemporary classic of Australian exploration.

Feeken, Erwin H.J. and Gerda E.E. Feeken, The Discovery and Exploration of Australia, with an introduction by O.H.K. Spate, Melbourne: Nelson, 1970

Standard survey history of Australian exploration.

E(dward) M(organ)
Forster 1879[-]1970

Travel Writing

Where Angels Fear to Tread (novel), 1905

A Room with a View (novel), 1908

The Celestial Omnibus and Other Stories (short stories), 1911

Alexandria: A History and a Guide (travel guide), 1922

Pharos and Pharillon (collection of essays), 1923

A Passage to India (novel), 1924

The Hill of Devi (memoir/letters), 1953

Further Reading

Beauman, Nicola, Morgan: A Biography of E.M. Forster, London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1993

A recent biography of E.M. Forster focusing on his close personal relationships and their role in his work.

Bloom, Harold (editor), E.M. Forster’s A Passage to India, New York: Chelsea House, 1987

Collection of essays on Forster’s novel.

Eldridge, C.C., The Imperial Experience: From Carlyle to Forster, London: Macmillan, and New York: St Martin’s Press, 1996

A discussion of British colonialism.

Furbank, P.N., E.M. Forster: A Life, London: Secker and Warburg, 1977; New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1978

The standard biography (now out of print).

Hunt, John Dixon, “Muddle and Mystery in A Passage to India”, ELH, 33/4 (December 1966): 497[-]517

Lagoudis Pinchin, Jane, Alexandria Still: Forster, Durrell, and Cavafy, Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1977

A discussion of Forster’s sojourn and work in Alexandria.

McDowell, Frederick P.W., “E.M. Forster” in British Novelists, 1890[-]1929: Traditionalists, edited by Thomas F. Staley, Detroit: Gale, 1985 (Dictionary of Literary Biography, vol. 34)

Roy, Ashish, “Framing the Other: History and Literary Verisimilitude in E.M. Forster’s ‘The Hill of Devi’”, Criticism, 36/2 (Spring 1994): 265[-]90

Stape, J.H. (editor), An E.M. Forster Chronology, London: Macmillan, 1993

A collection of essays by fellow authors, colleagues, friends, and acquaintances on aspects of Forster’s character and work.

Trilling, Lionel (editor), E.M. Forster, 1943; New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1971

An analysis of Forster’s novels and short stories.

George Forster 1754[-]1794

Travel Writing

A Voyage round the World in His Britannic Majesty’s Sloop Resolution, Commanded by Capt. James Cook, during the Years, 1772, 3, 4, and 5, 1777; German version in 2 vols, 1778[-]80

Ansichten vom Niederrhein, von Brabant, Flandern, Holland, England und Frankreich im April, Mai und Junius 1790 [Views of the Lower Rhine from Brabant, Flanders, Holland, England, and France in April, May, and June 1790], 1791[-]94


Bougainville, Louis-Antoine de, A Voyage round the World, with Johann Reinhold Forster, 1772

Kalm, Pehr, Travels into North America, with Johann Reinhold Forster, 1770[-]71

Also translated numerous works into German including Thomas Anburey’s Reisen im inneren Amerika [Travels in Inner America], 1792

Further Reading

Coote, Jeremy, Peter Gathercole and Nicolette Meister, “‘Curiosities Sent to Oxford’: The Original Documentation of the Forster Collection at the Pitt Rivers Museum”, Journal of the History of the Collections, 7/2 (2000): 177[-]92

Enzensberger, Ulrich, Georg Forster: Ein Leben in Scherben, Frankfurt: Eichborn, 1996

Fiedler, Horst, Georg-Forster-Bibliographie 1767 bis 1970, Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1971

Forster, George, Georg Forsters Werke: Sämtliche Schriften, Tagebücher, Briefe, Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1958[-]

Forster, Johann Reinhold, Observations Made during a Voyage round the World, edited by Nicholas Thomas, Harriet Guest and Michael Dettelbach, with a linguistics appendix by Karl H. Rensch, Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1996

Harpprecht, Klaus, Georg Forster; oder, Die Liebe zur Welt: Eine Biographie, Reinbek: Rowohlt, 1987

Klenke, Claus-Volker et al. (editors), Georg Forster in interdisziplinärer Perspektive, Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1994

Lincoln, Margarette (editor), Science and Exploration in the Pacific: European Voyages to the Southern Oceans in the 18th Century, Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell Press, 1998

Saine, Thomas P., Georg Forster, New York: Twayne, 1972

Saine, Thomas P., entry on George Forster in German Writers in the Age of Goethe: Sturm und Drang to Classicism, edited by James Hardin and Christoph E. Schweitzer, Detroit: Gale, 1990 (Dictionary of Literary Biography, vol. 94)

Steiner, Gerhard, Georg Forster, Stuttgart: Metzler, 1977

Joseph Forsyth

Travel writing

Remarks on Antiquities, Arts, and Letters during an Excursion in Italy, in the Years 1802 and 1803, 1813; 2nd edition, 1816; 4th edition, 1835

Further Reading

Crook, Keith (editor), Remarks on Antiquities, Arts, and Letters during an Excursion in Italy, in the Years 1802 and 1803, Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2001

Has contextual and critical introduction and full editorial apparatus.

Hale, J.R. (editor), The Italian Journal of Samuel Rogers, London: Faber, 1956

Discusses the use made of Forsyth by travellers.

Hobhouse, John Cam and Lord Byron, Notes on Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage, Canto IV, London: John Murray, 1818

Robert Fortune 1812[-]1880

Travel Writing

Journals are housed at the Lindley Library, Royal Horticultural Society, London

Three Years’ Wanderings in the Northern Provinces of China, Including a Visit to the Tea, Silk, and Cotton Countries: With an Account of the Agriculture and Horticulture of the Chinese, New Plants, etc., 1847; facsimile, 1987

A Journey to the Tea Countries of China, 1852; facsimile, 1987

A Residence among the Chinese, 1857

Yedo and Peking, 1863

Further Reading

Cox, E.H.M., “Robert Fortune”, Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society, 68 (1943): 161[-]69

Cox, E.H.M., “Plant Collectors Employed by the Royal Horticultural Society, 1804[-]1846”, Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society, 80 (1955): 265[-]80

Dougall, Ian, “Searching Far and Wide”, Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society, 122 (1997): 325[-]26

Gardener, William, “Robert Fortune and the Cultivation of Tea and Other Chinese Plants in the United States”, Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society, 97 (1972): 401[-]09

Hadfield, Miles, Robert Harling and Leonie Highton, British Gardeners: A Biographical Dictionary, London: Zwemmer, 1980

Lyte, Charles, The Plant Hunters, London: Orbis, 1983

Macleod, Dawn, “A Mystery Solved”, Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society, 117 (1992): 214[-]17

Musgrave, Toby, Chris Gardner and Will Musgrave, The Plant Hunters: Two Hundred Years of Adventure and Discovery around the World, London: Ward Lock, 1998

Margaret Fountaine 1862[-]1940

Travel Writing

Love among the Butterflies: The Travels and Adventures of a Victorian Lady, edited and with an introduction by W.F. Cater, 1980

Butterflies and Late Loves: The Further Travels and Adventures of a Victorian Lady, edited by W.F. Cater, 1987

Further Reading

Foster, Shirley, Across New Worlds: Nineteenth-Century Women Travellers and Their Writings, London and New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1990

Focuses primarily on British women travellers who trekked around Italy, North America, and the East. This study explores how they reenacted in writing their experience of foreign travel. Foster is especially good at revealing what was unique about women travellers, such as their tendency to identify with the “other” rather than regard it as foreign and inferior.

Keay, Julia, With Passport and Parasol: The Adventures of Seven Victorian Ladies, London: BBC Books, 1989

Melman, Billie, Women’s Orients: English Women and the Middle East, 1718[-]1918: Sexuality, Religion, and Work, London: Macmillan, 1990; Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1992

An important work that challenges traditional interpretations both of Orientalism and of the imperial experience. English feminist writings reveal that Europeans’ concept of the Orient was not unified, and that gender solidarity often transcended feelings of racial superiority that are typically associated with Europeans.

Morgan, Susan, Place Matters: Gendered Geography in Victorian Women’s Travel Books about Southeast Asia, New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1996

A beautifully written book in which gender, geography, and class are linked in order to interpret women’s travel writing about Southeast Asia as well as the British imperial experience. Morgan emphasizes the uniqueness of each place visited and each traveller to challenge the monolithic nature of categories such as gender, imperialism, and domestic ideology.

Robinson, Jane, Wayward Women: A Guide to Women Travellers, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990

A bibliography of 16 centuries of travel writing by over 400 women who left their native lands. Each entry contains a brief biography of a traveller as well as first-edition information about her travel writings. An invaluable resource.

Robinson, Jane (editor), Unsuitable for Ladies: An Anthology of Women Travellers, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1994

France: pre-revolutionary

Travel Writing

Abdy, Sir Thomas, “A Journall ... of My Travells in France [and Italy] ... 1633[-]1635”, Bodleian Library, Oxford, Rawlinson MS D 1285, ff.69[-]138

Andrews, John, A Comparative View of the French and English Nations, 1785

Anonymous, “Account of a Journey through France in 1516[-]1518” [by an anonymous Milanese traveller], British Library, London, Additional MSS 24180

A.R., The Curiosities of Paris in Nine Letters, 1757

Bargrave, John, “Travels in France, 1645[-]46”, Canterbury Cathedral Archives, U11/8

Baudot, François-Nicolas, Itinéraire de Normandie, 1647; edited by Le chanoine Porée, 1971

Beatis, Antonio de, Die Reise des Kardinals Luigi d’Aragona durch Deutschland, die Niederlande, Frankereich und Oberitalien, 1517[-]1518, edited by Ludwig Pastor, 1905; as Voyage du Cardinal d’Aragon en Allemagne, Hollande, Belgique, France et Italie 1517[-]1518, translated by Madeleine Havard de la Montaigne, 1913; as The Travel Journal of Antonio de Beatis: Germany, Switzerland, the Low Countries, France and Italy, 1517[-]1518, translated from the Italian by J.R. Hale and J.M.A. Lindon, edited by J.R. Hale, 1979

Beckford, William, Letters and Observations: Written in a Short Tour Through France and Italy, 1786

Blathwayt, William, The Grand Tour: Letters and Accounts Relating to the Travel through Europe of the Brothers William and John Blathwayt of Dyrham Park, 1705[-]1708, edited by Nora Hardwick, 1985

Bromley, William, Remarks in the Grande Tour of France and Italy, 1692

Browne, Edward, A Journal of a Visit to Paris in the Year 1664, edited by G. Keynes, 1923

Contarini, Zaccaria, “Description of France in 1492” in Relazioni degli ambasciatori veneti al senato, edited by Eugenio Alberi, 1839[-]63

Coryate, Thomas, Coryats Crudities: Hastily Gobled up in Five Moneths Travells in France, Savoy, Italy, Rhetia ... Helvetia ... Some Parts of High Germany and the Netherlands, 1611; reprinted in 2 vols, 1905

Dallington, Sir Robert, A Method for Travell: Shewed by Taking the View of France. As it Stoode in ... 1598, 1605; as The View of France, with an introduction by W.P. Barrett, 1936

Downes, John, “Travels in France”, British Library, London, Sloane MS 179

Edgeman, William, “Travels in Flanders, France, Spain, 1649[-]51”, Bodleian Library, Oxford, Clarendon MS 137

Equicola, Mario, De Isabella Estensis iter in Narbonensem Galliam, c.1517

Estienne, Charles, La Guide des Chemins de France, 1552[-]53; edited by Sir Theodore Mayerne, 1592; edited by Jean Bonneroti, 1936

Evelyn, John, The Diary of John Evelyn, edited by E.S. de Beer, 6 vols, 1955

Garrick, David, The Journal of David Garrick, being a Record of his Memorable Trip to Paris in 1751, edited by Ryliss Clair Alexander, 1928

Garrick, David, The Journal of David Garrick, Describing his Visit to France and Italy in 1763, edited by George Winchester Stone, Jr, 1939

Goelnitz, Abraham, Ulysses Belgico-Gallicus, 1631

Guicciardini, Francesco, Diario del viaggio in Spagna, edited and illustrated by Paolo Guicciardini, 1932

Hammond, William, [Travels in France and Italy], Brotherton Library, University of Leeds, MS Trv 2; another copy, British Library, London, Additional MSS 59785

Herbert, Sir Edward, The Life of Edward, First Lord Herbert of Cherbury, edited by J.M. Shuttleworth, 1976

Heylyn, Peter, A Full Relation of Two Journeys: The One into the Mainland of France. The Other into Some of the Adjacent Islands. Performed and Digested into Six Bookes, 1656

Lalaing, Antoine de, “Relations du premier voyage de Philippe le Beau en Espagne, en 1501” in Collection des Voyages des Souverains des Pays-Bas, edited by M. Gachard, 1876

Lister, Martin, [Travels in France, 1663[-]66], Bodleian Library, Oxford, Lister MS 19

Locke, John, Locke’s Travels in France, 1675[-]1679, edited by John Lough, 1953

Maynard, Banister, [Travels in France, Italy, Germany, and the Low Countries, 1660[-]62], Bodleian Library, Oxford, Rawlinson MS D 84

Millard, John, The Gentleman’s Guide in His Tour Through France: Wrote by an Officer in the Royal Navy, Who Lately Travelled on a Principle, Which he Most Sincerely Recommends to His Countrymen, viz, not to spend more money in the Country of Our Natural Enemy than is Requisite to Support with Decency the Character of an Englishman, 4th edition, 1770

Montagu, Robert, [Travels in France, Switzerland, and Germany], Bodleian Library, Oxford, Rawlinson MS D 76

Mortoft, Francis, Francis Mortoft: His Books, Being his Travels through France and Italy, 1658[-]1659, edited by Malcolm Letts, 1925

Moryson, Fynes, An Itinerary Containing His Ten Years Travel, 1617; 4 vols, 1907[-]08

Münzer, Hieronymus, “Jérome Münzer et son voyage dans le midi de la France en 1494[-]1495”, edited by Eugène Déprez, Annales du Midi (1936): 53[-]79

Münzer, Hieronymus, “Le voyage de Hieronimus Monetarius à travers la France (1494[-]45)”, edited by E.P. Goldschmidt, Humanisme et Renaissance (1939): 55[-]75, 198[-]200, 324[-]48, 529[-]59

Reresby, Sir John, The Memoirs of the Honourable Sir John Reresby, 1734; as Bart, 1813; edited by Albert Ivatt, London, 1904; as Memoirs of Sir John Reresby: The Complete Text and a Selection from His Letters, edited with an introduction by Andrew Browning, 1991

Signot, Jacques, La Totale et Vraie Description de tous les passaiges, lieux et destroicts par lesquelz on peut passer et entrer des Gaules es ytalies, 1516?

Smollett, Tobias, Travels through France and Italy, 1766; edited by Frank Felsenstein, 1981

Somerset, Sir Charles, The Travel Diary (1611[-]1612) of an English Catholic, Sir Charles Somerset, edited by Michael G. Brennan, 1993

Sterne, Laurence, A Sentimental Journey through France and Italy, 1768; edited by Ian Jack, 1984

Symonds, Richard, [Travels in France and Italy, 1649[-]52], British Library, London, Harleian MSS 943, 1278; Egerton MSS 1635, 1636; Bodleian Library, Oxford, Rawlinson MS D 121

Thicknesse, Philip, Observations on the Customs and Manners of the French Nation, 1766

Thicknesse, Philip, Useful Hints to Those Who Make the Tour of France, 1768

Thicknesse, Philip, A Year’s Journey through France and Part of Spain, 1777

Vandenesse, Jean de, “Journal des voyages de Charles-Quint, de 1514 à 1551” in Collection des Voyages des Souverains des Pays-Bas, vol. 7, edited by M. Gachard, 1874

Vital, Laurent, “Premier Voyage de Charles-Quint en Espagne de 1517 à 1518” in Collection des Voyages des Souverains des Pays-Bas, vol. 3, edited by M. Gachard and Charles Piot, 1881

Wentworth, Thomas, [Travels in France, 1612], Sheffield Public Library, Wentworth Woodhouse MSS

Further Reading

Black, Jeremy, The British Abroad: The Grand Tour in the Eighteenth Century, Stroud, Gloucestershire: Sutton, and New York: St Martin’s Press, 1992

Brennan, Michael G., “The Exile of Two Kentish Royalists during the English Civil War”, Archaeologia Cantiana 120 (2000): 77[-]105

Drinkwater, J.F., Roman Gaul: The Three Provinces, 58 bc[-]ad 260, London: Croom Helm, and Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1983

Drinkwater, J.F. and Hugh Elton (editors), Fifth-Century Gaul: A Crisis of Identity?, Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992

Duncan-Jones, Katherine, Sir Philip Sidney: Courtier Poet, London: Hamish Hamilton, and New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1991

Duval, Paul-Marie, La Gaule jusqu’au milieu du Ve siècle, Paris: Picard, 1971

Höltgen, K.J., “Sir Robert Dallington (1561[-]1637): Author, Traveler and Pioneer of Taste”, Huntingdon Library Quarterly, 47 (1984): 147[-]77

Howard, Clare Macllelan, English Travellers of the Renaissance, London: John Lane 1914; reprinted, New York: Franklin, 1968

King, Anthony, Roman Gaul and Germany, London: British Museum, and Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990

Lough, John, France Observed in the Seventeenth Century by British Travellers, Stocksfield, Northumberland, and Boston: Oriel Press, 1984

Lough, John, France on the Eve of the Revolution: British Travellers’ Observations 1763[-]1788, London: Croom Helm, 1987

Maçzak, Antoni, Travel in Early Modern Europe, translated from the Polish by Ursula Phillips, Cambridge: Polity Press, and Cambridge, Massachusetts: Blackwell, 1995

Ortenberg, Veronica, “Archbishop Sigeric’s Journey to Rome in 990 [BL Cotton Tiberius B.v.23v[-]24r]”, Anglo-Saxon England, 19 (1990): 197[-]246

Osborn, James M., Young Philip Sidney, 1572[-]1577, New Haven, Connecticut and London: Yale University Press for the Elizabethan Club, 1972

Robertson, Ian, France, London: A. and C. Black, and New York: Norton, 1984; 3rd edition, 1994 (Blue Guide)

Strachan, Michael, The Life and Adventures of Thomas Coryate, London and New York: Oxford University Press, 1962

Stoye, John, English Travellers Abroad 1604[-]1667: Their Influence in English Society and Politics, revised edition, New Haven, Connecticut and London: Yale University Press, 1989

West, Louis C., Roman Gaul: The Objects of Trade, Oxford: Blackwell, 1935

France: 19th and 20th centuries

Travel Writing

Barker, Edward Harrison, Through Auvergne on Foot, 1884

Blanqui, Adolphe-Jérôme, Rapport sur l’état économique et moral de la Corse en 1838, 1840

Chaillou, Michel, La France fugitive: récit, 1998s

Chateaubriand, François-René, Vicomte de, Mémoires d’outre-tombe, 6 vols, 1849[-]50; as The Memoirs of François René, Vicomte de Chateaubriand, translated by Alexander Teixeira de Mattos, 1902; as Memoirs, translated by Robert Baldick, 1961

Cooper, James Fenimore, Recollections of Europe, 2 vols, 1837

Diallo, Bakary, Force-Bonté, 1926

Dunlop, Carol and Julio Cortázar, Los Autonautas de la cosmopista o, un viaje atemporal Paris-Marsella, 1983

Flaubert, Gustave, Par les Champs et par les grèves (Voyage en Bretagne), 1886; edited by Adrianne J. Tooke, 1987; as “Over Strand and Field: A Record of Travel in Brittany” in The Complete Works of Gustave Flaubert, vol. 7, 1904

Grattan, Thomas Colley, High-Ways and By-Ways, or, Tales of the Roadside, Picked up in the French Provinces by a Walking Gentleman, 2nd edition, 2 vols, 1823; revised edition, 3 vols, 1840

Hugo, Victor, En Voyage: Alpes et Pyrenées, 1890; as The Alps and Pyrenees, translated by John Manson, 1898

Huysmans, Joris-Karl, À rebours, 1884; as Against the Grain, translated by John Howard, 1922

James, Henry, A Little Tour in France, 1884

Lacarrière, Jacques, Chemin faisant: mille kilomètres à pied à travers la France, 1977

Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, Outre-mer: A Pilgrimage beyond the Sea, 2 vols, 1833[-]34

Maspero, François, Les Passagers du Roissy-Express, photos by Anaïk Frantz, 1990; as Roissy-Express: A Journey Through the Paris Suburbs, translated by Paul Jones, 1994

Mayle, Peter, A Year in Provence, 1989

Michelet, Jules, Michelet en Bretagne: son journal inédit d’août 1831, edited by Auguste Dupouy, 1947

Morand, Paul, Éloge du repos: apprendre à se reposer, 1937

Réda, Jacques, Recommandations aux promeneurs, 1988

Richard, Guide du voyageur en France, 1823; many later editions

Segalen, Victor, Oeuvres complètes, edited by Henry Bouiller, 2 vols, 1995

Simenon, Georges, A la découverte de la France: textes recueillis par Francis Lacassin et Gilbert Sigaux, 1976

Stevenson, Robert Louis, An Inland Voyage, 1878

Stevenson, Robert Louis, Travels with a Donkey in the Cévennes, 1879

Twain, Mark, The Innocents Abroad, or the New Pilgrim’s Progress, 1869

Further Reading

Buzard, James, The Beaten Track: European Tourism, Literature, and the Ways to Culture, 1800[-]1918, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1993

Useful study of European tourism during the 19th century and the early years of the 20th century. Explores the influence of emergent tourism on attitudes to travel in the period by drawing upon a wide range of texts from literature, travel writing and guidebooks.

Fabre, Michel, From Harlem to Paris: Black American Writers in France, 1840[-]1980, Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1991

Account of Black American travellers to Paris in the first half of the 20th century.

Goulemot, Jean M., Paul Lidsky, and Didier Masseau (editors), Le Voyage en France, vol. 2: Anthologie des voyageurs français et étrangers en France, aux XIXe et XXe siècles (1815[-]1914), Paris: Laffont, 1997

Invaluable collection of material written by French and overseas travellers to France in the nineteenth century. Contains texts by, among others, James Fenimore Cooper, Harriet Beecher-Stowe, Robert Louis Stevenson, and Edward Barker.

Levenstein, Harvey, Seductive Journey: American Tourists in France from Jefferson to the Jazz Age, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998

Study of changing American attitudes to French culture, explored through the accounts of American travellers ranging from Thomas Jefferson to early 20th-century tourists.

Rauch, André, Vacances en France: de 1830 à nos jours, Paris: Hachette, 1996

Social history of leisure travel in France from the emergence of modern tourism to the present day.

Schwartz, Vanessa R., Spectacular Realities: Early Mass Culture in Fin-de-Siècle Paris, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998

Account of the emergence of French mass culture, containing a chapter on the late 19th-century exoticist phenomenon of panoramania.

Stowe, William W., Going Abroad: European Travel in Nineteenth-Century American Culture, Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1994

Literary and cultural analysis of the role of European travel in the formation of US identity. Combines study of classic travel texts with lesser-known works by African-American authors, journalists, feminist writers, and diarists.

Studeny, Christophe, L’Invention de la vitesse: France, XVIIIe[-]XXe siècle, Paris: Gallimard, 1995

Useful study of the implications of mechanized acceleration for travel (and descriptions of travel) in post-Enlightenment France.

Franklin 1786[-]1847

Travel Writing

Narrative of a Journey to the Shores of the Polar Sea, in the Years 1819, 20, 21 and 22, 1823

Narrative of a Second Expedition to the Shores of the Polar Sea, in the Years 1825, 1826 and 1827, 1828

Further Reading

Beattie, Owen and John Geiger, Frozen in Time: The Fate of the Franklin Expedition, London: Bloomsbury, 1987; New York: Dutton, 1988

Brown, Warren, The Search for the Northwest Passage, New York: Chelsea House, 1991

Collins, Wilkie, The Frozen Deep, produced London: 1857; published as The Frozen Deep and Other Stories London: Bentley, 1874; Boston: Gill, 1875

Fleming, Fergus, Barrow’s Boys, London: Granta, 1998; New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2000

M’Clintock, Leopold, The Voyage of the “Fox” in the Arctic Seas, London: John Murray, 1859

Neatby, Leslie H., The Search for Franklin, New York: Walker, and London: Barker, 1970

Sanday, Peggy Reeves, Divine Hunger: Cannibalism as a Cultural System, Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986

French Indochina

Travel Writing

Bonnetain, Paul, Au Tonkin, 1885

Bourde, Paul, De Paris au Tonkin, 1885

Challaye, Félicien, Souvenirs sur la colonisation, 1935

Claudel, Paul, Oeuvres complètes de Paul Claudel, vols 3[-]4: Extrême-Orient, 1952

Dodeman, Jean-Louis and Joël Thibault, Expédition Mékong: exploration Doudart de Lagrée[-]Francis Garnier, 1866[-]1868, 1990

Dorgelès, Roland, Sur la route mandarine, 1925

Durtain, Luc, Dieux blancs, hommes jaunes, 1930

Garnier, Francis, Voyage d’exploration en Indochine, edited by Jean-Pierre Gomane, 1985

Loti, Pierre, Pêcheur d’Islande, 1886; as The Iceland Fisherman, translated by W.P. Baines, 1924

Loti, Pierre, Un Pèlerin d’Angkor, 1912

Monet, Paul, Les Jauniers, histoire vraie, 1930

Mouhot, Henri, Voyage dans les royaumes de Siam, de Cambodge, de Laos et autres parties centrales de l’Indo-Chine, 1863; as Travels in the Central Parts of Indo-China (Siam), Cambodia and Laos, 2 vols, 1864; reprinted as Travels in Siam, Cambodia and Laos, 1858[-]1860, 1989

Roubaud, Louis, Viet Nam: la tragédie indochinoise, 1931

Viollis, Andrée, Indochine S.O.S., 1935

Further Reading

Cooper, Nicola, France in Indochina: Colonial Encounters, Oxford: Berg, 2001

Copin, Henri, L’Indochine dans la littérature française des années vingt à 1954: exotisme et alterité, Paris: L’Harmattan, 1996

Norindr, Panivong, Phantasmatic Indochina: French Colonial Ideology in Architecture, Film and Literature, Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1996

Quella-Villéger, Alain (editor), Indochine: un rêve d’Asie, Paris: Omnibus, 1995

Taboulet, Georges, La Geste française en Indochine: Histoire par les textes de la France en Indochine des origines à 1914, vol. 2, Paris: Maisonneuve, 1956

Martin Frobisher c.1535[-]1594

Travel Writing

Best, George, A True Discourse of the Late Voyages of Discouerie, for the Finding of a Passage to Cathaya, by the Northweast, under the Conduct of Martin Frobisher General, 1578

Settle, Dionyse, True Reporte of the Laste Voyage into the West and Northwest Regions … by Captiene Frobisher, 1577; as Laste Voyage into the West and Northwest Regions in the Year 1577, 1969

Ellis, Thomas, A True Report of the Third and Last Voyage unto Meta Incognita, 1578

Hakluyt, Richard, The Principal Navigations, Voyages, & Discoveries of the English Nation, Made by Sea or over Land, to the Most Remote and Farthest Corners of the Earth, 1589; revised edition as The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques & Discoveries of the English Nation, 3 vols, 1598[-]1600; 12 vols, 1903[-]05

Volume 7, pages 204[-]375, contains all the materials mentioned above in connection with the Northwest Passage voyages, including Christopher Hall’s and Thomas Wiars’ previously unpublished accounts.

Hakluyt, Richard, Hakluyt’s Voyages to the New World: A Selection, edited by David F. Hawke, 1972

Stefansson, Vilhjalmur (editor), The Three Voyages of Martin Frobisher in Search of a Passage to Cathay and India by the North-West, ad 1576[-]78, 2 vols, 1938

This volume contains both Best’s text and commentary by the editors, as well as specific geographical information.

Further Reading

Fitzhugh, William W. and Jacqueline S. Olin (editors), Archeology of the Frobisher Voyages, Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1993

A technical description of the findings of recent archaeological expeditions.

McDermott, James, Martin Frobisher: Elizabethan Privateer, New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 2001

A recent biography placing Frobisher in the subculture of Elizabethan seafaring. Scholarly tone, but extremely readable.

McFee, William, Sir Martin Frobisher, London: John Lane, 1928

The first of two biographies extant, popular in tone.

Parry, J.H, The Age of Reconnaissance: Discovery, Exploration and Settlement, 1450[-]1650, Cleveland: World, and London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1963

A general historical introduction to the exploration and explorers of the Renaissance.

Raleigh, Walter [1861[-]1922], The English Voyages of the Sixteenth Century, Glasgow: MacLehose, 1906

An early literary-historical attempt to synthesize the effect that England’s exploratory enterprise had on Elizabethan culture.

West, William N., “Gold on Credit: Martin Frobisher’s and Walter Ralegh’s Economies of Evidence”, Criticism, 39/3 (Summer 1997): 315[-]36

A literary analysis of the writings of Frobisher and Ralegh, writings that convinced backers to continue funding their exploratory journeys.

Eugène Fromentin 1820[-]1876

Travel Writing

Un Été dans le Sahara, 1854; with a preface by  Fromentin, 1874; edited by Anne-Marie Christin, 1981

Une Année dans le Sahel [One Year in Sahel], 1858 with a preface by Denise Brahimi, 1981

Voyage en Égypte [Travel to Egypt], 1869, edited by Jean-Marie Carré, 1935

Les Maîtres d’autrefois, 1876; as The Old Masters of Belgium and Holland, translated by Mary C. Robbins, 1882; reprinted with an introduction by Meyer Schapiro, 1964; as The Masters of Past Time, translated by Andrew Boyle, 1948

Sahara et Sahel, 1887

Lettres de jeunesse, biography and notes by Pierre Blanchon, 1909

Between Sea and Sahara: An Algerian Journal, translated by Blake Robinson, 1999

Further Reading

Araki, Zenta, “L’Espace et l’altérité: Fromentin et l’Algérie dans Un Été dans le Sahara”, Études de Langue et Littérature Françaises (ELLF), 66 (March 1995): 91[-]103

Barbey d’Aurevilly, Jules, “Voyageurs et romanciers” in Les Œuvres et les hommes, vol. 24, Geneva: Slatkine, 1968

Barthèlemy, Guy, Fromentin et l’écriture du désert, Paris: L’Harmattan, 1997

Bilous, Nicole, “Constantine disparue; ou, Le double destin de Constantine dans les récits de voyage de Théophile Gautier et d’Eugène Fromentin”, Bulletin de la Société Théophile Gautier, 1/12 (1990): 99[-]112

Chenet, Françoise “L’Art sarcophage; ou, La place de l’autre dans la relation de voyage; trois artistes sur le Nil: Flaubert, Maxime Du Camp et Fromentin”, Actes du Colloque de Saint-Denis de la Réunion 7[-]11 mars 1988, Cahiers CRLH-CIRAOI, no. 5 (1988): 149[-]61

Christin, Anne-Marie, “Fromentin; ou, Les Métaphores du refus” (dissertation), University of Paris, 1973

Christin, Anne-Marie, Fromentin conteur d’espace: essai sur l’œuvre algérienne, Paris: Sycomore, 1982

Daumas, E., Le Grand Désert; ou, Itinéraire d’une caravane du Sahara au pays des Nègres, Paris: Chaix, 1848

Daunais, Isabelle, L’Art de la mesure; ou, L’invention de l’espace dans les récits d’Orient, Saint-Denis: Presses Universitaires de Vincennes, 1996

Du Camp, Maxime, Souvenirs littéraires, 1882[-]1883, 2 vols, Paris: Hachette, 1892

El Houssi, Majid, “La Halte et le passage dans Un Eté dans le Sahara d’Eugène Fromentin”, in Voyage imaginaire, voyage initiatique, edited by Annarosa Poli, Moncalieri: Centro Interuniversitario di richerche sul Viaggio in Italia, 1990

Guentner, Wendelin A., “Fromentin voyageur et la tradition de l’esquisse littéraire”, Revue d’Histoire Littéraire de la France, 91/6 (1991): 901[-]12

Hartman, Elwood, “Eugène Fromentin et Pierre Loti: Auteurs français artistes au Maghreb au XIXe siècle”, Bulletin de la Société Théophile Gautier, 1/12 (1990): 113[-]20

Lafouge, Jean-Pierre, Etude sur l’orientalisme d’Eugène Fromentin dans ses récits algériens, Berne: Peter Lang, 1988

Magri, Véronique, Le Discours sur l’Autre à travers quatre récits de voyage en Orient, Paris: Champion, 1995

Magri, Véronique, “L’Oeil du peintre Fromentin dans Un Eté dans le Sahara” in L’Oeil aux aguets; ou, L’Artiste en voyage, edited by François Moureau, Paris: Klincksieck, 1995

Moussa, Sarga, “Limites de la description: la représentation du désert dans Un Eté dans le Sahara ”, Poétique, 26/102 (April 1995): 231[-]44

Sagnes, Guy (editor), Oeuvres complètes, by Eugeine Fromentin, Paris: Gallimard, 1984

Tritsmans, Bruno, “Silences de l’Orient: à propos des récits de voyage de Fromentin”, in Les Genres de l’hénaurme siècle: Papers from the Fourteenth Annual Colloquium in Nineteenth-Century French Studies, edited by William Paulson, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 1989

Wright, Barbara and James Thompson, La Vie et l’Œuvre d’Eugène Fromentin, Paris: ACR, 1987

Wright, Barbara (editor), Correspondance d’Eugène Fromentin, 1839[-]1876, Paris: CNRS Editions, 1995

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