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Chapter Summary

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Chapter 2 Summary

  • Human anatomy has a long and distinguished history, Hippocrates being considered one of the founders of the study of anatomy.
  • The human body can be studied and viewed in a variety of different ways - from the surface, using cadavers, through the microscope and as a result of high-technology imaging.
  • In anatomy and medicine, specific terminology and planes are used to describe the body.
  • The body is composed of a variety of tissue types, including epithelial, connective and muscle tissues.
  • The integumentary system covers the body and, for example, protects, regulates and senses.
  • The skeletal system comprises of cartilage, joints and bones and provides support and points of attachment for the skeletal muscles of the body.
  • Synovial joints are of great interest to sport and exercise science and the three main types are ball, hinge and complex.
  • The major muscles of the body act around joints such as the hip, knee, ankle, shoulder, elbow and wrist.
  • There are about four hundred muscles in the body, and about one hundred are of considerable interest to the sport and exercise scientist.