Chapter 12

Chapter Summary:

This chapter deals with interest groups and the systems of interest intermediation across Europe. It explores issues such as tamed pluralism in Europe, the new democracies in central and Eastern Europe and the weak state and weak interest groups of Southern Europe.

Questions for Revision:

• What are the main features of neo-corporatism? Discuss using examples of at least two European countries.
• What are the main features of pluralism? Discuss using examples of at least two European countries.
• Assess the consolidation of interest intermediation systems in Central and Eastern Europe. Discuss using examples of at least two countries.
• Are we moving towards a European system of industrial relations?
• What positive and negative aspects can you identify in Eurolobbying?

Further Reading

General comparative books
Crouch, Colin (1994), Industrial Relations and European State Traditions. Oxford: Oxford
University Press.
Jelle Visser, Joris van Ruysseveldt (1996), Industrial Relations in Europe: Traditions and
Transitions. London: SAGE.

Industrial relations
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living Conditions(2009), Developments in
Industrial Relations in Europe 2008. Luxembourg: Office of the Official Publications of the
European Communities [electronically available:
Hammann, Kerstin and John Kelly (2007) Party Politics and the Reemergence of Social Pacts
in Western Europe, Comparative Political Studies, 40(8): 971–94.
Schmitter, Philippe C., Jürgen Grote (1997), The Corporatist Sysiphus: Past,Present and
Future. Florence: EUI Working Papers, SPS 97/4.
Schmitter, Philippe (2008), The Changing Politics of Organised Interests, West European
Politics, 31(1): 195–210.
Siaroff, Alan (1999), Corporatism in 24 Industrial Democracies. Meaning and Measurement,
European Journal of Political Research, 36: 175–205.
Traxler, Franz (2004), The Metamorphoses of Corporatism: From Classical to Lean Patterns,
European Journal of Political Research, 43(4): 571–98.

European Integration and Industrial Relations

Falkner, Gerda (1996a), The Maastricht Protocol on Social Policy: Theory and Practice,
Journal of European Social Policy, 6(1): 1–16.
–––– (1996b), European Works Councils and the Maastricht Social Agreement:Towards a
New Social Policy? Journal of European Public Policy, 3(2): 192–208.
–––– (2007), The EU’s Social Dimension. In: Michelle Cini (ed.), European Union Politics.
Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.271–86.
Marginson,Paul and Keith Sisson (2002),European Integration and Industrial Relations:A
Case of Convergence and Divergence? Journal of Common Market Studies, 40(4): 671–92.

Marginson, Paul (2006), Europeanization and Regime Competition: Industrial Relations and
EU Enlargement, Industrielle Beziehungen, 13(2): 97–117.

Eurogroups and Eurolobbying
Alliance for Transparency of Lobbying and Ethics Regulation (2009), The Commission’s
Lobbying Register One Year On: Success or Failure. Brussels: ALTER-EU [electronically
accessed on 25 August 2009]
Bouwen, Pieter and Margaret McCown (2007), Lobbying vs Litigation: Political and Legal
Strategies of Interest Representation in the European Union, Journal of European Public
Policy, 14(3): 422–43.
Pieter Bouwen, The Logic of Access to the European Parliament. Business Lobbying in the
Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs, Journal of Common Market Studies, 42(3):
Pieter Bouwen (2002), Corporate Lobbying in the European Union: The Logic of Access,
Journal of European Public Policy, 9(3): 365–90.
Greenwood, Justin (2003), Organized Interests in the European Union. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
Electronic resources

Electronic journals
European Journal of Industrial Relations
[excellent articles on industrial relations in east and west]
[scientific journal of the European Trade Union Institute dedicated to the study of trade unions and industrial relations]

Alliance for Lobbying Transparency and Ethics Regulation (ALTER-EU) (2009): excellent
critical website monitoring lobbying at EU level at:  (accessed 25 August
European Industrial Relations Observatory (EIRO) (2009), database with excellent reports
on the situation of industrial relations in each European country at:
 accessed on 25 August 2009
European Industrial Relations Observatory(EIRO)(2009), European Industrial Relations
Dictionary at:
(accessed on 25 August 2009).
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living Conditions (EUROFOUND) (2009),
Excellent database on different aspects including industrial relations at:
 (accessed 25 August 2009).

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