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Key Chapters

Chapter 13: A philosopher, a scholar-mystic and a reformer

Ibn Sina’s universe:

The following diagram and table illustrate Ibn Sina’s cosmology as described on p. 168 of Introducing Islam.

The Ptolmaic picture of the universe is illustrated below. It has been described as a golden apple, rotten at the core, because the area beyond the sphere of the moon are thought to be harmonious and indestructible, while the area inside the sphere of the moon (where we live!) is the scene of decay and corruption.

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At http://ghazali.org/site/ihya.htm a list of all of the books of the Ihya’ may be found along with links to many of  them.
Book 1: Book of Knowledge, English Translation by N. A. Faris
Book 3: Mysteries of Purity, English Translation by N. A. Faris
Book 4: Mysteries of Worship. English translation by E. E. Caverley
Book 5: Mysteries of Zakat (Charity) English Translation by N. A. Faris
Book 6: Mysteries of Fasting. English translation by N. A. Faris
Book 9: On Invocations and Supplications. English translation by K. Nakamura (ITS description).

© William Shepard

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