About the Authors

Lee Ann Hoff

Contributing authors:
Marilynne Bell
Bonnie Joyce Hallisey
Magueye Seck

Lee Ann Hoff, PhD

Lee Ann Hoff is a nurse-anthropologist and mental health professional with extensive clinical, management, teaching, research, and consulting experience in crisis and mental health care, women’s health, and sociocultural issues affecting health. Dr. Hoff holds degrees in nursing (BSN – St. Louis University; MSN – Catholic University of America); a certificate in suicidology and crisis (Johns Hopkins University); a diploma/MA in social anthropology (London School of Economics); interdisciplinary PhD, social science (Boston University). Her current and recent work includes:

  1. international consultation and teaching on violence, crisis, and gender issues;
  2. developing online courses on workplace violence and abuse; and social, cultural and policy issues in health care;
  3. planning and directing projects of the Life Crisis Institute, e.g. research on student stress and crisis;
  4. development of and major teaching in a masters degree program – advanced practice psychiatric/mental health nursing;
  5. curriculum development for health and social service professionals on crisis and violence issues, e.g. certificate program on Violence, Crisis and Human Rights.

Research expertise: Field methods, focus groups, cross-cultural immersion; outcome studies on health education and practice.

In the 1970s, Dr. Hoff pioneered in the development of community mental health centers and specialized crisis services in the USA. She has developed and taught courses in the U.S. and Canada in Psychiatric/Mental Health Nursing; Social, Cultural, and Policy Issues in Health Care; Community Mental Health; Crisis Theory and Practice; Anthropology of Health; Women’s Health; Theory, Role, Research, and Contemporary Issues in baccalaureate and graduate nursing programs and in university departments of psychology, anthropology, sociology and women’s studies.

She has conducted numerous continuing education courses and workshops on crisis, violence, and suicide prevention nationally and internationally for health and mental health professionals, police officers, paraprofessional and peer counselors, and the general public. Dr. Hoff’s presentations of research and education projects have been at national and international conferences in nursing, women’s health, anthropology, public health, psychiatry, suicidology, and victimology.

Acknowledging her work in initiating and developing national standards for crisis programs, and for spearheading the certification program for individual crisis workers, the American Association of Suicidology bestowed on her its first national service award in 1985. In 2000 Dr. Hoff received an Honorary Recognition Award from the American Nurses Association, recognizing her pioneering work on violence issues.

Major publications include the award-winning book, People in Crisis: Clinical and Diversity Perspectives. 6th Ed. (2009, Routledge, NY); Battered Women As Survivors (1990, Routledge, London). Currently, Dr. Hoff is Research Consultant at the University of Massachusetts Lowell; Adjunct Professor, University of Ottawa, Faculty of Health Sciences; and Visiting Professor at the Institute for Applied Psychology – ISPA, and Advisory Board Member of the Research Unit on Psychology and Health recognized by the National Foundation for Science and Technology. ( at ISPA, Lisbon, Portugal. Dr. Hoff is a member of several professional organizations and is active in peace and anti-violence movements.

Selected Publications Underpinning Production of Violence and Abuse Issues (Routledge, 2010)

Hoff, L.A. (2006, 2002). Foreword. Best practice: Crisis intervention. RNAO – Registered Nurses Association of Ontario, Canada.
Hoff, L.A. (2000). Interpersonal violence. In C. E. Koop, C. E. Pearson, & Schwarz, M.R. (Eds.), Critical issues in global health (pp. 260-271). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Hoff, L.A. (2000). Crisis care in the context of abuse. In B. Everett & R. Gallop, Childhood trauma and mental illness (pp. 227-251). Thousand Oaks: CA: Sage.
Hoff, L.A. (1999). Violence against women and children: A Portuguese and international perspective. (Espacos: Revista de Educacao Social 1998). Portugal: Instituto superior de Ciencias Educativas.
Hoff, L.A. & Adamowski, K.). Creating excellence in crisis care: A guide to effective training and service designs. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Ross, M., Hoff, L.A., McComas, J., Carswell, A., & Bunn, H. (1998). Strengthening the interdisciplinary education of nurses in violence prevention, detection and intervention. Nurse Educator, 23(3), 17-18.
Ross, M., Hoff, L.A., & Coutu-Wakulczyk, G. (1998). Nursing curricula and violence issues. Journal of Nursing Education, 37(2), 53-60.
Dangor, Z., Hoff, L.A., & Scott, R. (1998). Woman abuse in South Africa: An exploratory study. Violence against Women: An International Interdisciplinary Journal, 4(2), 125-152.
Hoff, L.A. (1997). Delphi Panel member for: Guidelines for primary care physicians in managing wife abuse when both the male and female partners are patients. L.E. Ferris, et al. JAMA – Journal of   the American Medical Association, 278(10), 851-857.
Hoff, L.A. (1994). Violence issues: An interdisciplinary curriculum guide for health professionals.  Ottawa: Health Canada.
Hoff, L.A. & Ross, M. (1995). Violence content in nursing curricula: Strategic issues and implementation. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 21, 137-142.
Hoff, L.A. & Rosenbaum, L. (1994). A victimization assessment tool: Instrument development and clinical implications. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 29(4), 627-634.
Hoff, L.A. (1994). Comments on race, gender and class bias in nursing. Medical Anthropology Quarterly, 8(1), 96-99.
Hoff, L.A. & Ross, M. (1993). Curriculum guide for nursing: Violence against women and children. Ottawa: School of Nursing, University of Ottawa.
Hoff, L.A. (1993). Battered women: Intervention and prevention – A psychosociocultural perspective. Journal of American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 5(1), 34-39.
Hoff, L.A. (1992). Review essay: Wife-beating in Micronesia. Isla: A Journal of Micronesian Studies, 1(2), 199-221.
Hoff, L.A. (1992). Battered women: Understanding, identification, and assessment – A psychosociocultural perspective. Journal of American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 4(4), 148-155.
Hoff, L.A. 1991. Wife-battering: Anthropological perspectives. In C. Sampselle (Ed.). Nursing research on violence against women (pp. 17-31). Washington: Hemisphere.
Hoff, L.A. 1990. Battered women as survivors. London: Routledge.
Hoff, L.A. 1990. Human abuse and nursing’s response. In P. Holden (Ed.). Nursing and anthropology (pp. 130-147). London: Routledge.
Hoff, L.A. 1988. The myth of neutrality: Feminist analysis of research designs in family violence. In K. Yllo & M. Bograd (Eds.). Feminist perspectives on wife abuse. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

See the Life Crisis Institute website ( for other publications and professional work.


Marilynne Bell, MD, MSc, CCFP, FCFP

Dr. Bell began her engagement in issues of violence against women as a graduate student at Guelph University. She took a leadership role in developing the Women’s Center, and one of the first three transition houses for abused women in Ontario in the 1970s. She obtained her medical degree at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, and completed a family medicine residency at Dalhousie University. Following practice as a family physician in Ontario, the Atlantic Provinces, and in New Zealand, Dr. Bell assumed a full-time faculty position at Dalhousie University in the Department of Family Medicine, Halifax, NS. There she developed teaching programs for undergraduate medical students and family medicine residents around issues of sexual health, intimate partner violence, and sexual assault of children, adolescents, and adults.

In 1995, her sabbatical leave was spent visiting Australian and New Zealand Royal Colleges of General Practice to observe abuse intervention strategies and Continuing Education programs being developed at those sites. She was a Visiting Scholar at the Women’s Studies Department, University of British Columbia in Vancouver, where she reviewed teaching programs to prevent sexual harassment and related programs in the undergraduate medical school curriculum. She participated for four years as one of 11 women academics forming an interdisciplinary research group, the Feminist Health Care Research Network on a Social Science and Humanities Research Council grant. This strategic network employed a consensus/collaborative model for research in women’s health and ethics. Dr. Susan Sherwin, philosopher and ethicist, was the primary author of the book produced by this network of authors, The Politics of Women’s Health: Exploring Agency and Autonomy (1998), Temple University Press, which has been used globally for teaching in women’s studies programs.

Presently Dr. Bell works as a family physician in an interdisciplinary integrated health care centre. She is Assistant Professor and community-based preceptor on the Family Medicine faculty of Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, teaches communication skills in the Family Medicine Program, and holds a cross-appointment to the Women’s Studies Faculty.

Bonnie Joyce Hallisey, MSW, LICSW

Bonnie Joyce Hallisey is a Social Worker (MSW, LICSW) and Teacher. Her social work career began in the Welfare and Child Welfare Departments of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts which sponsored her graduate education at Boston University. Spanning the life cycle from working with children to older adults, Bonnie has continually worked with people of diverse backgrounds and national origins, in both public and private sectors. Currently serving high risk immigrant groups in urban areas of Boston at Kit Clark Senior Services, a division of Bay Cove Human Services, Inc., she continues to learn from the myriad of people who enrich our multicultural society. In addition to community mental health, Bonnie teaches as a Senior Lecturer at Curry College in Milton, MA. in Sociology and Psychology.

Magueye Seck, PhD

Magueye Seck holds a bachelors degree in economics and a master’s degree in applied sociology from the University of Massachusetts-Boston, and a doctoral degree in social policy from Brandeis University. His doctoral research is titled: "Substance Abuse Among Men Who Batter Their Mates: An Evaluation of the Clients’ Behavior While in Treatment for Battering."

Dr. Seck has served as the president of Emerge in Cambridge, a counseling agency for abusive men to curb violence against women. He also served for four years as Research Evaluation Specialist for the Massachusetts Department of Social Services. He was a Program Evaluator for the Department of Health and Hospitals in Boston and also a senior Program Associate at Boston University Center for International Health. Dr. Seck is the founder and moderator of the Annual Cheikh Anta Diop Round Table at Curry College, a forum for academics and social service professionals to discuss contemporary research and practice issues. In 2006, Dr. Seck was a Fulbright Professor at the Université Gaston Berger of Saint-Louis, Senegal, his native island, where he taught in French the theory and analysis of social policy and theories of violence and social justice. As a Fulbright professor, he organized the first international conference on “Emigration, Globalization, and Changes” at the University Gaston Berger of Saint-Louis , Senegal, in 2006. This event was attended by 750 participants from twelve countries. A record of the event can be found at this web site of the government of Senegal:

 Dr. Seck’s special interests include violence, social justice, and social policy. His related publications are:

Seck, M. (1989). Need and Availability of Substance Abuse Services for DSS Consumers. Massachusetts Department of Social Services.
Seck, M. (1990). Substance Abuse and Family Violence: Identification of Drug and Alcohol Usage in Child Abuse Cases in Massachusetts. Massachusetts Department of Social Services.

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