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Student Material

Chapter 7: Pseudo-reasoning

Students’ material: solutions

A
1 false; 2 true; 3 false; 4 true; 5 true; 6 false; 7 false; 8 true; 9 true; 10 false

B
1 fallacy; 2 fallacy; 3 fallacy; 4 rhetorical ploy; 5 rhetorical ploy ; 6 fallacy; 7 good argument; 8 good argument; 9 fallacy; 10 fallacy

C
1 base rate fallacy; 2 affirming the consequent; 3 deriving ought from is; 4 common practice*; 5 perfectionist fallacy; 6 ad hominem; 7 ad hominem circumstantial; 8 appeal to authority; 9 mistaking correlation for cause; 10 conflation of morality and legality
* This argument could plausibly understood as a fallacy of majority belief if ‘enjoying’ is taken to involve a belief about the value of the activity. The argument is probably most plausibly understood as committing the common practice fallacy however.

D
1 begging the question; 2 false dilemma; 3 red herring; 4 slippery slope; 5 straw man

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