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Chapter 17 – Greek cities and sanctuaries in the Late Classical period

Chapter Summary

This chapter presents sites from the fourth century BC with evidence for urban life and for rural religious practices that would have been familiar to city dwellers: the Sanctuary of Asklepios and the theater at Epidauros; city plans and houses at Priene and Olynthos; and royal burials at Vergina and Halikarnassos.



Study guide

  1. The conquests of Philip II of Macedonia and his son, Alexander the Great, mark a watershed in Greek history and civilization. Make sure you know the basic facts of their biographies. When did they live? What did they accomplish? To what degree did they affect the appearance and function of the ancient Greek city?

  2. Describe the buildings at the Sanctuary of Asklepios at Epidauros and their functions. Include the theater in your answer. Would you consider this an environment conducive to a cure?

  3. Study the city plan of Priene. To what extent does Priene exemplify the ancient Greek city? Answer the question by comparing Priene and its features with the cities presented in previous chapters – and with those you will read about in the next chapter, on Hellenistic cities.

  4. Describe houses in ancient Greece, by comparing and contrasting houses at Olynthos, Priene, and (from earlier chapters) Athens and Zagora. What do they tell us about the nature of Greek society?

  5. How did the architecture and decoration of the Mausoleum at Halikarnassos express royal ambition?
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