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Chapter 18 – Greek cities and sanctuaries in the Late Classical period

Chapter Summary

The chapter explores four themes important in the Hellenistic world, with impact on cities: the continuing development of Greek art and architectural forms and styles; the effects of kingship on the urban experience; the confrontation of Greeks with the venerable non-Greek civilizations of western Asia and Egypt; and the city as a multi-cultural commercial center.

 

Flashcards

Study guide

  1. How does the Temple of Apollo at Didyma compare and contrast, in appearance and plan, with other Greek temples examined earlier in the book?

  2. Pergamon is a major example of Hellenistic urbanism, thanks to archaeological research. Take some time to learn about its history and overall growth, the buildings discovered on its acropolis and slopes, and its best known sculptural monuments (the commemorative Gauls in the court of the Temple of Athena, and the friezes of the Great Altar). Can you name and describe the buildings? What subjects were shown in sculpture, and why?

  3. Describe the city plan of Alexandria. Why was Greek influence so strong in this Egyptian city?

  4. Imagine yourself a merchant landing in the harbor at Delos. What does the city look like? What kind of life do you expect to lead during your stay?

  5. To what extent did the establishment of kingship in the Hellenistic period affect the appearance of Greek cities?

 

Useful websites

  • Didyma excavations: www.dainst.org.  Click on English. Then click on (in sequence): DAI, Departments, Istanbul Department, Current projects: Didyma.
  • Pergamon excavations: www.dainst.org.  Click on English. Then click on (in sequence): DAI, Departments, Istanbul Department, Current projects: Pergamon.
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