Welcome to the Ancient Cities Timeline!

This easy-to-use and interactive Timeline helps you to navigate the various cities, monuments, peoples and cultures of the ancient Near East and Mediterranean worlds, with hundreds of entries to expand and revise your knowledge.

With entries spanning the whole period covered by Ancient Cities, from the Neolithic Revolution in the Near East in the 9th millennium BC, through to the dedication of Byzantium as the new capital of the Roman Empire in AD 330, the Timeline allows you to view the inter-connected events and developments in these civilizations from an archaeological perspective. Listed in chronological order, the entries help you build a clearer picture of the contemporaneous civilizations of the Near East, Egypt, Greece, and Rome, and how they competed and interacted from prehistoric times to Late Antiquity.

It couldn’t be easier to explore the Timeline. Start by clicking on a period in history, then choose the entry you’re most interested in. From each individual entry, you can either scroll through the surrounding entries using the event slider on the right-hand side of the page, or return to one of the date ranges.  You can refine your search at any point by category: Places and People, Historical Developments or Art, Technology, Society and Culture. Or you can simply navigate yourself by following the many interconnected threads that run through the Timeline, each one helping you to discover how the past shaped the world we live in today.     

Good luck with your studies!


In the timeline each entry is assigned to one particular date. Many of the periods or sites discussed span a long period of time - in general, they are listed by the date that marks the start of that period. For example, many entries about Archaic Greece, its art and certain sites are listed as 600 BC, the beginning of the Archaic period.
Many of these dates are approximate due to limitations of the evidence (particularly those from the prehistoric period). Certain dates denote a particular moment in the history of the entry – for example, discussion about imperial Rome has been dated at 27 BC, the year in which Octavian became Augustus; Pompeii has been dated to AD 79, the date of the eruption of Vesuvius. Some sites, such as Rome and Athens, are listed more than once under a number of dates to reflect the different periods covered.

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