Discussion Questions




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1.1 World language groups
After Patrick Manning, Migration in World History (London and New York: Routledge 2005) figure 2.1, p. 29
Reproduced by permission of Taylor & Francis Books

1.2 Global patterns of migration, 1650-1940
Adapted from Patrick Manning, Migration in World History (London and New York: Routledge 2005), figure 8.1, p. 146
Reproduced by permission of Taylor & Francis Books

2.1 World climates

2.2 Early world food crops
Source: Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human Evolution, p. 376.

2.3 Early metal sources

2.4 Ecological footprint
Adapted from map at http://globalis.gvu.unu.edu/?840

3.1 Map of early centers of population, circa 750-1250 C.E

3.2 Changing distribution of the world's largest cities in 1925 and 2005

4.1 Spread of Buddhism from South to East Asia

4.2 Spread of Christianity in the Mediterranean, Europe, and North Africa, before 1100 C.E

4.3 Spread of Islam and early Islamic empires

4.4 Contemporary global religions

6.1 Afro-Eurasian trade routes and centers, 600-1500
Source: Francis Robinson, Cambridge Illustrated History of the Islamic World (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996), p. 126

6.2 Atlantic trade triangle sixteenth to nineteenth centuries
Source: Peter Ashdown, Caribbean History in Maps (Trinidad and Jamaica: Longman Caribbean, 1979), p. 16 top

6.3 Global coffee producers and consumers

7.1 Srivijayan and Khmer empires
Source: ‘Early Southeast Asia’ (2001) Courtesy of Houghton Mifflin Company

7.2 Mali empire and early states in Africa
Anonymous Africa, 1200-1500 (2001) Courtesy of Houghton Mifflin

7.3 Mongol empire

7.4 New nations in Latin America

7.5 European nation-states borderd by the Ottoman and Russian empires

7.6 European nations in Africa and Asia
Anonymous, ‘Decolonization, 1947-1990’ (2002). Courtesy of Houghton Mifflin Company

8.1 Global patterns of famine and child mortality

10.1 The diffusion of horses, guns, and disease along the North American frontier

10.2 Russian expansion into Siberia and the North Pacific

10.3 Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires
Source: Ottoman and Safavid after Albert Hourani, A History of the Arab Peoples (New York: Warner Books, 1991), p. 473

10.4 Chinese expansion
Source: Richard Greaves et al., Civilization of the World (New York: Harper & Row, 1990) p. 451 with Martin Gilbert, Atlas of Russian History (Dorset Press, 1972), p. 44

10.5 European rivalry and piracy in the Caribbean
Source: After Peter Ashdown, Caribbean History in Maps (Trinidad: Longman Caribbean, 1979), p. 20

10.6 Cook's voyages
Source: National Library of Canada

10.7 Colonial boundaries in Africa

11.1 Strategic Cold War sites

11.2 Peters Projection
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