Bibliography for References, Readings, Directions

This bibliography is intended to direct readersβ€”including students, researchers, and practitionersβ€”to the wide range of examples of Critical Discourse Analysis across the international educational landscape. Although we have organized this selection into sections which cohere alphabetically by author within particular educational domains (also alphabetized), this was but one way of indexing the highly interrelated scholarship around Critical Discourse Analysis in education. Many times we placed an article in one category, say, SOCIETY & EDUCATION, when it might have been an equally good fit in, say, PUBLIC POLICY. More specifically, does a study of education policy in Japan belong in PUBLIC POLICY or RACE, CULTURE, ETHNICITY? The answer is both. Furthermore, many studies draw upon methodologically hybrid approaches, blending discourse analysis and multimodal and/or social semiotic analysis. For this reason, we urge you to explore across the boundaries of disciplinary subject, object of study, and analytic method you will find here. We hope that what you find will inspire you to look further into the scholarship beyond the resources we have assembled. We have not aimed for an all-encompassing bibliography, but rather a representative one that suggests the breadth and depth of the ways in which Critical Discourse Analysis is being taken up in the field of education.



*LITERACY is a particularly vast and fruitful domain within the field of CDA in Education. Although we have teased out categories like BI-LITERACY and WRITING & COMPOSITION, there are still many other subcategories within LITERACY to be explored.

As another way of viewing the range of materials, we invite you to click on the highlighted word or phrase following each citation: doing so will re-sort the references by object of study rather than by educational topic.




Blunt, A. (2004). Literacy discourse analysis: Making space at the policy table. Adult
Basic Education: An Interdisciplinary Journal for Adult Literacy Planning, 14(1), 3–17. Practitioner Discourse

Butterwick, S., & Benjamin, A. (2006). The road to employability through personal development: A critical analysis of the silences and ambiguities of the British Columbia (Canada) life skills curriculum. International Journal of Lifelong Education, 25(1), 75–86. Documents

Dahlgreen, M.A., Larsson, S., & Walters, S. (2006). Making the invisible visible: On
participation and communication in a global, web-based master’s program. Higher Education, 52, 69–93. Digital Discourse, Documents

Gibb, T.L. (2008). Bridging Canadian adult second language education and essential skills policies: Approach with caution. Adult Education Quarterly: A Journal of Research and Theory, 58(4), 318–334. Documents

Irving, C.J., & English, L. M. (2008). Partnering for research: A Critical Discourse Analysis. Studies in Continuing Education, 30(2), 107–118. Interviews

Oughton, H. (2007). Constructing the “ideal learner”: A critical discourse analysis of the adult numeracy core curriculum. Research in Post-Compulsory Education, 12(2), 259–275. Documents

Rogers, R. (2004). Storied selves: A critical discourse analysis of adult learners’ literate lives. Reading Research Quarterly, 39(3), 272–305. Interviews

Taylor, N. (2008). Critical analysis of the adult literacy curriculum: Instructional or
regulative? Research in Post-Compulsory Education, 13(3), 307–314. Documents


Belluigi, D.Z. (2009). Exploring the discourses around “creativity” and “critical thinking” in a South African creative arts curriculum. Studies in Higher Education, 34(6), 699–717. Documents

Lee, M.M., & Chung, S.K. (2009). A semiotic reading and discourse analysis of postmodern street performance. Studies in Art Education: A Journal of Issues and Research in Art Education, 51(1), 21–35. Social Interaction


Benesch, S. (2008). Generation 1.5 and its discourses of partiality. A critical analysis. Journal of Language, Identity and Education, 7, 294–311. Digital Discourse

Cots, J.M. (2006). Teaching “with an attitude”: Critical discourse analysis in EFL
Teaching. ELT Journal, 60(4) 336–345. Classroom Discourse

Davison, C. (2006). Collaboration between ESL and content teachers: How do we know when we are doing it right? International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 9(4), 454–475. Classroom Discourse

Fernsten, L.A. (2008). Writer identity and ESL learners. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 52(1), 44–52. Interviews

Johnson, E. (2005). WAR in the media: Metaphors, ideology, and the formation of language policy. Bilingual Research Journal, 29(3), 621–640. Documents

MartΓ­nez-Roldan, C. (2003). Building worlds and identities: A case study of the role of
narratives in bilingual literature discussions. Research in the Teaching of English, 37(4), 491–526. Classroom Discourse

MartΓ­nez-Roldan, C. (2004). Language ideologies mediating literacy and identity in bilingual contexts. Journal of Early Childhood Literacy, 4(2), 155–180. Interviews

Medina, C. (2010). Reading across communities in biliteracy practices: Examining
translocal discourses and cultural flows in literature discussions. Reading
Research Quarterly, 45 (1), 40–60. Classroom Discourse

Pacini-Ketchabaw, V., & de Almeida, A.A. (2006). Language discourses and ideologies at the heart of early childhood education. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 9(3), 310–341. Interviews

Rymes, B., Cahnmann-Taylor, M., & Souto-Manning, M. (2008). Bilingual teachers’ performances of power and conflict. Teaching Education, 19(2), 93–107. Interviews

Souto-Manning, M. (2006). A critical look at bilingualism discourse in public schools: Autoethnographic reflections of a vulnerable observer. Bilingual Research Journal, 30(2), 559–577. Documents


Gee, J.P. (2003). What video games have to teach us about learning and literacy. New York: Palgrave/Macmillan. Digital Discourse

Griswold, O. (2007). Achieving authority: discursive practices in Russian girls’
pretend play. Research on Language & Social Interaction, 40(4), 291–319. Classroom Discourse

Wohlwend, K. E. (2007). “More than a child’s work”: Framing teacher discourse about play. Interactions: UCLA Journal of Education and Information Studies, 3(1). Retrieved September 22, 2010 from

Wohlwend, K.E. (2009). Mediated discourse analysis: Researching young children’s nonverbal interactions as social practice. Journal of Early Childhood Research, 7(3), 228–243. Social Interaction

Wohlwend, K.E. (2009). Damsels in discourse: Girls consuming and producing gendered identity texts through Disney Princess Play. Reading Research Quarterly, 44(1), 57–83. Social Interaction


Burn, A. (2009). A case of rebellion: Researching multimodal texts. In J. Coiro, M. Knobel, C. Lankshear, & D. Leu (Eds.), Handbook of research on new literacies (pp. 151–178).New York: Routledge. Digital Discourse

Hull, C.A., & Nelson, M.E. (2005). Locating the semiotic power of multimodality. Written Communication, 22(2), 224–261. Digital Discourse

Jacobs, G.E. (2004). Complicating contexts: Issues of methodology in researching the language and literacies of instant messaging.Reading Research Quarterly, 39(4), 394–406. Digital Discourse

Kress, G. (2004). Gains and losses: New forms of texts, knowledge, and learning. Computers and Composition, 12(4), 5–22. Digital Discourse

Lam, W. (2009). Literacy and learning across transnational online spaces. E-learning,
6(4), 303–324. Digital Discourse

Scollon, R., & LeVine, P. (Eds.). (2004). Discourse and technology: Multimodal discourse analysis. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press. General

Steinkuehler, C.A. (2004). A Discourse analysis of MMOG talk. In J.H. Smith & M. Sicart (Eds.), Proceedings of the Other Players Conference. Copenhagen: IT University of Copenhagen. Digital Discourse

Voithofer, R., & Foley, A. (2007). Digital dissonances: Structuring absences in national discourses on equity and educational technologies. Equity & Excellence in Education, 40(1), 14–25. Digital Discourse


Britsch, S. (2005). The multimodal mediation of power in the discourses of preschool
story designers. Text: An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Study of Discourse, 25(3),305–340. Classroom Discourse

Lancaster, L. (2001). Staring at the page: The functions of gaze in a young child’s interpretation of symbolic forms. Journal of Early Childhood Literacy, 1(2), 131–152. Social Interaction

Luke, A. (1992/1996) The body literate: Discourse and inscription in early literacy
instruction. Linguistics and Education, 4(1), 107–129. Classroom Discourse, Social Interaction

MartΓ­nez-Roldan, C., & Malave, G. (2004). Language ideologies mediating literacy and
identity in bilingual contexts. Journal of Early Childhood Literacy, 4(2), 155–180. Classroom Discourse

Wohlend, K. (2009). Damsels in discourse: Girls consuming and producing identity texts
through Disney princess play. Reading Research Quarterly, 44(1), 57–84. Classroom Discourse


Collins, J., & Slembrouck, S. (2007). Reading shop windows in globalized
neighborhoods: Multilingual literacy practices and indexicality. Journal of Literacy Research, 39(3), 335–356. Documents

Lee, C., & Majors, Y. (2003). “Heading up the street:” Localised opportunities for shared
constructions of knowledge. Pedagogy, Culture and Knowledge, 11(1), 49–67.
Classroom Discourse

Nichols, S. (2002). Parents’ construction of their children as gendered, literate subjects: A critical discourse analysis. Journal of Early Childhood Literacy, 2(2), 123–144. Interviews

Orellana, M.F., Dorner, L., & Pulido, L. (2003). Accessing assets, immigrant youth as family interpreters. Social Problems, 50(5), 505–524. Interviews

Orellana, M.F., Reynolds, J., Dorner, L., & Meza, M. (2003). In others words: Translating or “paraphrasing” as a family literary practice in immigrant households. Reading Research Quarterly, 38(1), 12–34. Interviews

Richardson, E. (2007). “She was workin like foreal”: Critical literacy and discourse
practices of African American females in the age of hip hop. Discourse & Society, 18(6), 789–809. Social Interaction

Rogers, R. (2002). Between contexts: A critical analysis of family literacy, discursive practices, and literate subjectivities. Reading Research Quarterly, 37(3), 248–277. Interviews, School Discourse

Tuten, J. (2007). “There’s two sides to every story”: How parents negotiate report card
discourse. Language Arts, 84(4), 314–324. Interviews


Cots, J.M. (2006). Teaching “with an attitude”: Critical discourse analysis in EFL
teaching. ELT Journal, 60(4), 336–345. General

Hammond, K. (2006). More than a game: A critical discourse analysis of a racial inequality exercise in Japan. TESOL Quarterly: A Journal for Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages and of Standard English as a Second Dialect, 40(3), 545–571. Documents

Kumagai, Y. (2007). Tension in a Japanese language classroom: An opportunity for critical literacy? Critical Inquiry in Language Studies, 4(2–3), 85–116.
Classroom Discourse

Liu, Y. (2005). The construction of cultural values and beliefs in Chinese language textbooks: A critical discourse analysis. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 26(1), 15–30. Documents

Shardakova, M., & Pavlenko, A. (2004). Identity options in Russian textbooks.
Journal of Language Identity and Education, 3(1), 25–46. Documents


Arvast, A. (2008). The new CAAT: (Dis)Illusions of freedom and the new college charter in Ontario. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 38(1), 105–120. Documents

Ayers, D.F. (2005). Neoliberal ideology in community college mission statements: A critical discourse analysis. Review of Higher Education, 28(4), 527–549. Documents

Ayers, D.F. (2009). Institutional contradiction in the community college. Community College Review, 37(2), 165–184. Interviews

Chiper, S. (2006). The discourse of Romanian universities. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 19(6), 713–724. Documents

Clarke, M. (2009). The discursive construction of interpersonal relations in an online
community of practice. Journal of Pragmatics, 41(11), 2333–2344.
Digital Discourse

Hanson, C.M. (2007). The learning college movement: A critical discourse analysis.
Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 31(7), 47–561.

Ng’ambi, D. (2008). A critical discourse analysis of students’ anonymous online postings.
Β International Journal of Information and Communication Technology Education, 4(3), 31–39. Digital Discourse

Reid, I.C. (2009). The contradictory managerialism of university quality assurance.
Journal of Education Policy, 24(5), 575–593. Documents

Rhee, J., & Sagaria, M.A.D. (2004). International students: constructions of imperialism in the chronicle of higher education. Review of Higher Education: Journal of the Association for the Study of Higher Education, 28(1), 77–96. Documents


Hickman, H. (2008). Structure, power, and discourse: An analysis of discipline in an urban high school. Penn GSE Perspectives on Urban Education, 5(2). Retrieved September 20, 2010 from
Classroom Discourse

Martin, J.R., & Rose, D. (2005). Designing literacy pedagogy: Scaffolding asymmetries. In J. Webster, C. Matthiessen, & R. Hasan (Eds.), Continuing discourse on
Β language (pp. 251–280). London: Continuum. Classroom Discourse

Prins, E., & Toso, B.W. (2008). Defining and measuring parenting for educational success: A critical discourse analysis of the Parent Education Profile. American Educational Research Journal, 453, 555–596. Documents

Β Young, P.A. (2009). The Brownies’ book (1920–1921): Exploring the past to elucidate the future of instructional design. Journal of Language, Identity, and Education, 8(1), 1–20. Documents


Anderson, D.D. (2008). The elementary persuasive letter: Two cases of situated competence, strategy, and agency. Research in the Teaching of English, 42(3), 270–314. Documents

Bloome, D., & Egan-Robertson, A. (1993). The social construction of intertextuality in
classroom reading and writing lessons. Reading Research Quarterly, 28, 305–333. Documents, Classroom Discourse

Bloome, D., Carter, D., Christian, B., Madrid, S., Otto, S., Stuart-Faris, N., & Smith, M.
(2008). On Discourse analysis in classrooms: Approaches to language and literacy research. NCRLL Collection. New York: Teachers College Press. Classroom Discourse

Clarke, L.W. (2007). Discussing “Shiloh”: A conversation beyond the book. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 51(2), 112–122. Classroom Discourse

Fernsten, L. (2005). Discourse and difference. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 9(4), 371–387. Documents

Lewis, C., & Fabos, B. (2005). Instant messaging, literacies, and social identities. Reading
Research Quarterly, 40(4), 470–501. Digital Discourse

Moita-Lopes, L.P. (2006). Queering literacy teaching: Analyzing gay-themed discourses in a fifth-grade class in Brazil. Journal of Language, Identity & Education, 5(1), 31–50. Classroom Discourse

Rex, L.A., Bunn, M., Davila, B.A., Dickinson, H.A., Carpenter Ford, A., Gerben, C., McBee Orzulack, M.J., Thomson, H., Maybin, J., & Carter, S. (2010). A review of discourse analysis in literacy research: Equitable access. Reading Research Quarterly, 45(1), 94–115. General

Schmidt, R. (2008). Really reading: What does accelerated reader teach adults and
children? Language Arts, 85(3), 202–211. Documents


Carlone, H.B., & Webb, S.M. (2006). On (not) overcoming our history of hierarchy: Complexities of university/school collaboration. Science Education, 90(3), 544–568. Classroom Discourse

Hanrahan, M.U. (2006). Highlighting hybridity: A critical discourse analysis of teacher talk in science classrooms. Science Education, 90(1), 8–44. Classroom Discourse

Hardy, J. (2008). Stratification of environmental education and education for
sustainable development in Australia: An analysis of positions vacant advertisements. Environmental Education Research, 14(2), 165–174. Documents

Le Roux, K. (2008). A Critical Discourse Analysis of a real-world problem in mathematics: Looking for signs of change. Language and Education, 22(5), 307–326. Documents

Lemke, J. (1993). Multiplying meaning: Visual and verbal semiotics in scientific text. In J.R. Martin & R. Veel (Eds.), Reading science: Critical and functional perspectives on discourse of science (pp. 87–113). London: Routledge. Documents

Lemke, J.L. (1998). Multimedia demands of the scientific curriculum. Linguistics and
Education. 10(3), 247–272. Documents

Llewellyn, A. (2009). “Gender Games”: A post-structural exploration of the prospective teacher, mathematics and identity. Journal of Mathematics Teacher Education, 12(6), 411–426. Interviews

Moje, E. (1997). Exploring discourse, subjectivity, and knowledge in chemistry class.
Journal of Classroom Interaction, 32, 35–44. Classroom Discourse

O’Halloran, K.L. (1999). Towards a systemic functional analysis of multisemiotic
mathematics texts. Semiotica, 124(1–2), 1–29. Documents

O’Halloran, K.L. (2000). Classroom discourse in mathematics: A multisemiotic analysis. Linguistics and Education, 10(3), 359–388. Classroom Discourse

Smith, N., Reid, A., & Petocz, P. (2009). Representations of internationalisation in statistics education. Journal of Statistics Education, 17(1). Retrieved September 20, 2010, from Documents

Tupper, K. (2008). Drugs, discourses and education: A critical discourse analysis of a high school drug education text. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 29(2), 223–238. Documents

Wagner, D., & Herbel-Eisenmann, B. (2008). “Just don’t”: The suppression and invitation of dialogue in the mathematics classroom. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 67(2), 143–157. Classroom Discourse


Fielding-Lloyd, B., & Mean, L.J. (2008). Standards and separatism: The discursive construction of gender in English soccer coach education. Sex Roles, 58(1–2), 24–39. Interviews

Mean, L.J., & Kassing, J.W. (2008). “I would just like to be known as an athlete”: Managing hegemony, femininity, and heterosexuality in female sport. Western Journal of Communication, 72(2), 126–144. Interviews

Rossi, T., Tinning, R., McCuaig, L., Sirna, K., & Hunter, L. (2009). With the best of intentions: A critical discourse analysis of physical education curriculum material. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 28(1), 75–89. Documents


Brooks, C. (2009). Teaching in full view: GLA as a mechanism of power.
Β Policy Futures in Education, 7(3), 313–320. Documents

Comber, B., & Nixon, H. (2009). Teachers’ work and pedagogy in an era of accountability. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 30(3),
333–345. Interviews

Hansen, A. (2009). Researching “teachers in the news”: The portrayal of teachers in the British national and regional press. Education, 3–13(4), 335–347. Documents

Jones, T.M. (2009). Framing the framework: Discourses in Australia’s National Values
Education Policy. Educational Research for Policy and Practice, 8(1), 35–57. Documents

Liasidou, A. (2008). Critical discourse analysis and inclusive educational policymaking: The power to exclude. Journal of Education Policy, 13(5), 483–500. Documents

Metcalfe, A.S., & Fenwick, T. (2009). Knowledge for whose society? Knowledge production, higher education, and federal policy in Canada. Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Education and Educational Planning, 57(2), 209–225. Documents

Osgood, J. (2009). Childcare workforce reform in England and “the early years professional”: A Critical Discourse Analysis. Journal of Education Policy, 24(6), 733–751. Documents

Taylor, S. (2004). Researching educational policy and change in New Times: Using critical discourse analysis. Journal of Educational Policy, 19(4), 433–451.

Thomas, S. (2004). Reading through the basics: Towards a visual analysis of a newspaper advertisement on education. Language and Education, 18(1), 53–68. Documents

Thomas, S. (2005). Taking teachers out of the equation: Constructions of teachers in
education policy documents over a ten-year period. Australian Educational Researcher, 32(3), 45–62. Documents

Voithofer, R., & Foley, A. (2007). Digital dissonances: Structuring absences in national discourses on equity and educational technologies. Equity & Excellence in Education, 40(1), 14–25. Documents


Allard, A.C., & Santoro, N. (2008). Experienced teachers’ perspectives on cultural and social class diversity: Which differences matter? Equity & Excellence in Education, 41(2), 200–214. Interviews

Benesch, S. (2008). “Generation 1.5” and its discourses of partiality: A critical analysis.
Journal of Language, Identity, and Education, 7(3–4), 294–311. Interviews

Dworin, J.E., & Bomer, R. (2008). What we all (supposedly) know about the poor: A critical discourse analysis of Ruby Payne’s “Framework’’. English Education, 40(2), 101–121. Documents

Goulah, J. (2009). Navigating identity reformation, marginalization, and “soft”
colonization in former Soviet immigrant students. Journal of Language, Identity, and Education, 8(2–3), 159–173. Interviews

Holyfield, L., Moltz, M.R., & Bradley, M.S. (2009). Race discourse and the U.S. confederate flag. Race, Ethnicity and Education, 12(4), 517–537. Interviews

Michael-Luna, S. (2008). “Todos somos blancos”/we are all white: Constructing racial identities through texts. Journal of Language, Identity, and Education, 7(3–4), 272–293. Classroom Discourse

Pacini-Ketchabaw, V., White, J., & de Almeida, A.A. (2006). Racialization in early childhood: A critical analysis of discourses in policies. International Journal of Educational Policy, Research, and Practice: Reconceptualizing Childhood Studies, 7(1), 95–113. Documents

Pimentel, O., & Velazquez, P. (2009). “Shrek 2:” An appraisal of mainstream animation’s influence on identity. Journal of Latinos and Education, 8(1), 5–21. Audio-Visual Discourse

Rogers, R., & Christian, J. (2007). “What could I say?” A critical discourse analysis of the construction of race in children’s literature. Race Ethnicity and Education, 10(1), 21–46. Documents

Takayama, K. (2009). Is Japanese education the “exception”? Examining the situated
articulation of neo-liberalism through the analysis of policy. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 29(2), 125–142. Documents

Tamatea, L., Hardy, J., & Ninnes, P. (2008). Paradoxical inscriptions of global subjects: Critical discourse analysis of international schools’ websites in the Asia-Pacific
region. Critical Studies in Education, 49(2), 157–170. Digital Discourse


de los Heros, S. (2009). Linguistic pluralism or prescriptivism? A CDA of language ideologies in “Talento,” Peru’s official textbook for the first-year of high school. Linguistics and Education: An International Research Journal, 20(2), 172–199. Documents

Janks, H. (2005). Deconstruction and reconstruction: Diversity as a productive resource.
Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 26(1), 31–43. Documents

Luke, A. (1996) Text and discourse in education: An introduction to critical discourse
analysis. In M.W. Apple (Ed.), Review of Research in Education 21, 3–48. Washington, DC: American Educational Research Association. General

Manteaw, B.O. (2008). When businesses go to school: Neoliberalism and education for
sustainable development. Journal of Education for Sustainable Development, 2(2), 119–126. Documents

Moreau, M., Osgood, J., & Halsall, A. (2007). Making sense of the glass ceiling in schools: An exploration of women teachers’ discourses. Gender and Education, 19(2), 237–253. Interviews

Robertson, S.L. (2005). Re-imagining and rescripting the future of education: Global knowledge economy discourses and the challenge to education systems. Comparative Education, 41(2), 151–170. Documents

Stack, M. (2006). Testing, testing, read all about it: Canadian press coverage of the
PISA results. Canadian Journal of Education, 9(1), 49–69. Documents

Stack, M. (2007). Representing school success and failure: Media coverage of
international tests. Policy Futures in Education, 5(1), 100–110. Documents


Β Liasidou, A. (2009). Critical policy research and special education policymaking: A policy trajectory approach. Journal For Critical Education Policy Studies, 7(1), 107–130. Documents

Price, M. (2009). Access imagined: The construction of disability in conference policy documents. Disability Studies Quarterly, 29(1). Retrieved September 20, 2010 from Documents

Rogers, R. (2003). A critical discourse analysis of the special education referral process: A case study. Discourse, 24(2), 139–158. School Discourse


Β Boag-Munroe, G. (2004). Wrestling with words and meanings: Finding a tool for analysing language in activity theory. Educational Review, 56(2), 165–182. General

Cahnmann, M., Rymes, B., & Souto-Manning, M. (2005). Using critical discourse analysis to understand and facilitate identification processes of bilingual adults becoming teachers. Critical Inquiry in Language Studies, 2(4), 195–213. Interviews

Ezer, H. (2006). Teacher educators’ narratives in a multicultural society: A critical
discourse analysis and cultural identity. Teacher Education and Practice, 19(2), 229–244. Interviews

LΓ³pez-Bonilla, G., & Englander, K. (Eds). (In press). Discourses and identities in contexts of educational change. New York: Peter Lang Publishing. Interviews

Moller, J. (2007). Educational leadership and a new language of learning.
International Journal of Leadership in Education, 10(1), 31–48. Documents, Interviews

Oikonomidoy, E. (2008). Preservice teachers’ views on the global dimensions of education. Teacher Education and Practice, 21(4), 363–381. Interviews

Pini, M., & Gorostiaga, J. (2008). Teacher education and development policies: Critical discourse analysis from a comparative perspective. International Review of Education, 54(3–4), 427–443. Documents

Rogers, R., & Mosley, M. (2008). A critical discourse analysis of racial literacy in teacher education. Linguistics and Education, 19(2), 107–131. Classroom

Thomas, S. (2008). Leading for quality: Questions about quality and leadership in
Australia. Journal of Education Policy, 23(3), 323–334. Documents


Ellwood, C. (2006). On coming out and coming undone: Sexualities and reflexivities in language education research. Journal of Language, Identity, and Education, 51(1), 67–84. Interviews

McIntyre, A. (1997). Constructing an image of a white teacher. Teachers College
Record, 98, p. 653–681. Interviews

Schaenen, I. (2010). “Genre Means…”: A critical discourse analysis of fourth grade talk
about genre. Critical Inquiry in Language Studies, 7(1), 28–53. Classroom Discourse

Van Sluys, K., Lewison, M., & Flint, A.S. (2006). Researching critical literacy: A critical study of analysis of classroom discourse. Journal of Literacy Research, 38(2), 197–233. Classroom Discourse


Blommaert, J. (2004). Grassroots historiography and the problem of voice: Tshibumba’s Histoire de Zaire. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 14(1), 6–23.

Blommaert, J. (2004). Writing as a problem: African grassroots writing, economies of
literacy, and globalization. Language in Society, 33, 643–671. Documents

Fernstein, L. (2005). Discourse and difference. International Journal of Inclusive
Education, 9(4), 371–387. Practitioner Discourse, Documents, Classroom Discourse

Hull, G., & Nelson, M. (2005). Locating the semiotic power of multimodality. Written Communication, 22(2), 224–261. Digital Discourse

Ivanic, R. (1998). Writing and identity: The discoursal construction of identity in
academic writing. Amsterdam: John Benjamin Publishing. Documents

Janks, H. (2005). Language and the design of texts. English Teaching: Practice and Critique, 4(3), 97–110. Documents

Kress, G., & Bezemer, J. (2009). Writing in a multimodal world of representation. SAGE handbook of writing development. London: Sage. Classroom Discourse,

Leeuwen, V. (2000). It was just like magic: A multimodal analysis of children’s writing. Linguistics & Education, 10(3), 273–305. Classroom Discourse, Documents

Madigan, T. (2007). Thinking, writing, talking: A discourse analysis of writing instruction for boys with dyslexia. Reading and Writing Quarterly, 23(4), 359–416. Classroom Discourse, Documents

Powell, P.R. (2005). Critical discourse analysis and composition studies: A study of
presidential discourse and campus discord. College Composition and Communication, 55(3), 439–469. Documents


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