Useful Web Links Colour Paintings: Unit 1 Children's Language Acquisition Language & Educational Linguistics
Discussion Topics Conversation Analysis Pragmatics Gricean Implicature Interpreting Utterances Sociolinguistics Grammar Language Change Multilingualism Semantics Words
What is a sentence? Apostrophes Matter Lost Consonants Old Words, New Meanings Punctuation Matters Startings and Finishings
Introduction Contents List Sample Reading Reader Sample Bookmap Strands Bookmap Cross-referencing

Introducing Language in Use: a Coursebook

Fun with Language

Lost Consonants and Errant Vowels

Lost Consonants

Changing a single consonant in a word can radically change the meaning of the word. Cartoonist Graham Rawle produced a series of cartoons that demonstrate the humour in such changes. Examples from his website include:

Such minor changes can occur in writing about linguistics. One of the authors was originally entertained but is now somewhat wearied by sentences such as “the coma must be moved for the sentence to make sense” in student essays.

Your task now is to think of other pairs of words where only one consonant changes and to see if there is any humour to be derived from the difference.

Errant Vowels

Vowel changes can be similarly entertaining.

One of the authors was so grateful (for entertainment while marking) to the (must remain) anonymous student who wrote in an essay “The farmers left their bollocks in the fields”. The author knows that this was an accidental typo but it still provides enormous entertainment and food for thought.

Your task now is to think of pairs of words where only one vowel changes and to see if there is any humour to be derived from the pair.

In essays, many students confuse compliment with complement. Go to a good dictionary to find out the meaning of each word and go to Introducing Language in Use (Unit 7) to find out which word (and therefore which spelling) you should be using in syntactic analysis.

Linguistic points for consideration: