Useful Web Links Colour Paintings: Unit 1 Children's Language Acquisition Language & Educational Linguistics
Discussion Topics Conversation Analysis Pragmatics Gricean Implicature Interpreting Utterances Sociolinguistics Grammar Language Change Multilingualism Semantics Words
What is a sentence? Apostrophes Matter Lost Consonants Old Words, New Meanings Punctuation Matters Startings and Finishings
Introduction Contents List Sample Reading Reader Sample Bookmap Strands Bookmap Cross-referencing

Introducing Language in Use: a Coursebook



  1. Stool. ‘Backless seat, with or without padding, for one person’.

Underline the parts of this definition that represent semantic knowledge. Do not underline any part that represents encyclopaedic knowledge. Give reasons for your answer.

  1. What can you say about the meaning relationship between the following two sentences?

Therefore, what can you conclude about the meaning relationship between contain and be in?

  1. Study the following pattern of entailment (assume that it is the same ship all the time):

Given that pattern, what meaning relationship holds between known and unknown?

  1. Which of the following claims about entailment (one per line) are true and which are false?

Reasoning from your answers, say whether open and closed are a pair of incompatibles, antonyms or complementaries. (Hint: a door that is half-open is open, and one that is half-closed is also open. Well, that's what the authors think, though some people claim that when the latch has not firmly clicked shut on a door that is otherwise closed they could talk of it as only half-closed.)