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Chapter 10: Sub-Saharan Africa

Chapter 10 introduces the music and associated cultural activities from Sub-Saharan Africa, including the countries of Ghana, Nigeria, Zimbabwe, Uganda, Senegal-Gambia, the Republic of South Africa, as well as the central rainforests of the continent. The fundamental concepts of polyrhythm as it applies to African music, as well as call and response vocal form, are a theme throughout the chapter. Numerous instruments, such as the atumpan and gangan drums, mbira dza vadzimu (lamellophone), akadinda (xylophone), and kora (lute-harp) are discussed along with vocal performance, such as is common to pygmy populations of central Africa, as well as mbube vocal choirs of South Africa. Juju, a popular music from Nigeria, is introduced, along with the successful group, Ladysmith Black Mambazo, which has helped bring much attention to the music of South Africa in particular.

Key Terms

  • Afirikyiwa
  • Afrikaner
  • Akadinda
  • Amadinda
  • Apartheid
  • Apremprensemma
  • Atumpan
  • Balafon
  • Bantu
  • Bira
  • Birimintingo
  • Call and Response
  • Candomblé
  • Cross-rhythm
  • Density referent
  • Dondo
  • Griot
  • Highlife
  • Hosho
  • Isicathamiya
  • Jali (also Jeli, pl. Jalolu)
  • Juerga
  • Juju
  • Kalimba
  • Kora
  • Kushaura
  • Koni
  • Kumbengo
  • Kutsinhira
  • Ladysmith Black Mambazo
  • Likembe
  • Maraca
  • Mbira
  • Mbira dza vadzimu
  • Mbube
  • Palm Wine guitar
  • Polyrhythm
  • Pygmies
  • Rhythmic melody
  • Santeria
  • Shaka Zulu
  • Tomtom
  • Vodou (also Voodoo)
  • Xylophone
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