Researching English Language

Interpreting and analysing data

The sections in the book in this thread are:





Clarifying what you have found out

The how and why of data analysis

Data analysis and interpretation

Analysing English language data

Types of data and approaches to analysis

Data analysis example 1: sounds

Transcription as a stage in data analysis

Jennifer Coates, Joanna Thornborrow.
Christina E. Gildersleeve-Neumann, Ellen S. Kester, Barbara L. Davis, Elizabeth D. Peña.
Ruby Macksoud

From ‘closed’ questionnaires to collections of written texts

Data analysis example 2: words

Identifying patterns in data

Analysing spoken data: first steps

Data analysis example 3: clauses


Identifying patterns

Data analysis example 4: discourse


Identifying quantities

Data analysis examples: summary


Stages of analysis




Additional material on interpreting and analysing data

Qualitative data analysis
A website which supports the analysis of qualitative data is
This is more applicable for social research in general, rather than detailed linguistic analysis, but there is a lot of useful guidance and information to be found here.

Corpus analysis
If you plan to use corpus analysis, then you will need access to appropriate software. One free program which is likely to be useful is Antconc. You can find information about this, along with lots of support material at

Quantitative data analysis
For an entertaining, basic introduction to some key ideas in statistics, try the BBC-Open University site at For more detailed explanations of how statistics may be used in sociolinguistic research, Dick Hudson’s online mini course is very useful: